In the hundred fifty first year came Demetrius the son of Seleucus from the city of Rome with a small company of men, unto a city of the sea coast, and there he bare rule. And it chanced, that when he came to Antioch the city of his Progenitors, his host took Antiochus and Lysias, to bring them unto him. But when it was told him, he said: Let me not see their faces. So the host put them to death: Now when Demetrius was set upon the throne of his kingdom, there came unto him wicked and ungodly men of Israel: whose captain was Alcimus, that would have been made high priest: these men accused the people of Israel unto the king, saying: Judas and his brethren have slain thy friends, and driven us out of our own land. Wherefore send some man ( to whom thou givest credence ) that he may go and see all the destruction, which he hath done unto us and to the kings land, and let him be punished with all his friends and favorers.
Then the king chose Bacchides a friend of his, which was a man of great power in the realm ( beyond the great river ) and faithful to the king: and sent him to see the destruction that Judas had done. And as for that wicked Alcimus, he made him high priest, and commanded him to be avenged of the children of Israel. So they stood up, and came with a great host into the land of Juda, sending messengers to Judas and his brethren, and speaking unto them with peaceable words: but under deceit. Therefore Judas and his people believed not their saying, for they saw that they were come with a great Host.
After this came the scribes together unto Alcimus and Bacchides, trusting the best unto them. And first the Assideans required peace of them, saying: Alcimus the priest is come of the seed of Aaron, how can he deceive us ? So they gave them loving words, and swore unto them, and said: we will do you no harm, neither your friends: and they believed them. But the very same day took they sixty men of them and slew them according to the words that are written: They have cast the flesh of thy saints, and shed their blood round about Jerusalem, and there was no man that would bury them. So there came a great fear and dread among the people, saying: There is neither truth nor righteousness in them, for they have broken the appointment and oath that they made. And Bachides removed his host from Jerusalem, and pitched his tent at Bethzecha: where he sent forth, and took many of them that had forsaken him: He slew many of the people also, and cast them into a great pit. Then committed he the land to Alcimus, and left men of war with him to help him, and Bachides himself went unto the king. And thus Alcimus defended his high priesthood, and all such as vexed Israel, resorted unto him: In so much that they obtained the land of Juda, and did much evil unto the Israelites.
Now when Judas saw all the mischief that Alcimus and his company had done ( yee more than the Heathen themselves ) unto the Israelites: He went forth round about all the borders of Jewry, and punished those unfaithful renegades, so that they came out no more into the country. So when Alcimus saw, that Judas and his people had gotten the upper hand, and that he was not able to abide them: he went again to the king, and said all the worst of them that he could. Then the king sent Nicanor, one of his chief princes, ( which bare evil will unto Israel ) and commanded him, that he should utterly destroy the people.
So Nicanor came to Jerusalem with a great host, and sent unto Judas and his brethren with friendly words, ( but under deceit ) saying: there shall be no war between me and you: I will come with a few men, to see how ye do, with friendship. Upon this he came unto Judas, and they saluted one another peaceably: but the enemies were appointed to take Judas by violence. Nevertheless it was told Judas, that he came unto him but under deceit: wherefore he *got him away from him, and would see his face no more. When Nicanor he saw that his counsel was betrayed, went out to fight against Judas, beside Capharsalama: Where there were slain of Nicanors host, five thousand men: the residue fled into the castle of David.
After this came Nicanor up unto mount Sion: and the priests with the elders of the people went forth to salute him peaceably and to show him the burnt sacrifices that were offered for the king. But he laughed them to scorn, mocked them, defiled their offerings, and spake *disdainedly, Yee and swore in his wrath, saying: If Judas and his host be not delivered now into my hands, as soon as ever I come again, ( and fair well ) I will burn up this house, With that, he went out in a great anger. Then the priests came in, and stood before the altar of the temple, weeping, and saying: For as much as thou ( O' Lord ) hast chosen this house, *that thy name might be called upon therein, and that it should be an house of prayer and petition *unto thy people: Be avenged of this man and his host, and let them be slain with the sword: remember the blasphemies of them, and suffer them not to continue any longer.
When Nicanor was gone out of Jerusalem, he pitched his tents in Bethhoron, and there an host met him out of Syria. And Judas came to Adarsa with three thousand men, and made his prayer unto God, saying: O Lord, because the messengers of king *Senacherib blasphemed thee, the angel went forth, and slew an hundred eighty five thousand of them: Even so destroy thou this host before us today, that other people may know, how that he hath blasphemed thy Sanctuary: and punish him, according to his maliciousness.
And so the hosts struck the field, the thirteenth day of the month Adar: and Nicanors host was discomfited, and he himself was first slain in the battle. When Nicanors men of war saw that he was killed, they cast away their weapons and fled: but the Jews followed upon them an whole days journey, from Adazer unto Gazara, blowing with the trumpets, and making tokens after them. So the Jews came forth of all the towns there about, and blew out their horns upon them, and turned against them: thus were they all slain, and not one of them was left.
Then they took their substance for prey, and smote off Nicanors head and his right hand ( which he held up so proudly ) and brought it with them, and hanged it up *afere Jerusalem. Wherefore the people were exceedingly rejoiced, and passed over that day in great gladness. And Judas ordained, that the same day ( namely the thirteenth day of the month of Adar ) should be kept in mirth every year. Thus the land of Juda was in rest a little while.